Daily important English vocabulary for all exams – 19.07.2019

Daily Important English Vocabulary

English Vocabulary

“Experience the spirit (soul प्राण) of the season,” said my beloved master. We were sitting under the large Banyan tree – with its silvery roots embracing (hug आलिंगन) the earth in silence – even though it was pouring (डालने का कार्य). He kept gazing (screaming एकटक) at the rain falling on the river ceaselessly (continously निरंतर), experiencing the elements in their abundance (अधिकता).
On an earlier occasion, he had said, “Nature has a rhythm; follow it.” So feel the thrill of the seasons and experience His grace (mercy कृपा) all the time. For the spirit of the seasons and the rhythm of nature form the rhythm of life, which is joy in itself. The seasonal cycle is taken for granted, more so in the rush culture of today so we tend to forget that every season brings with it its own benefits and we need to adapt (accommodate अनुकूल बनाना) to those changes.
Nature’s cycle and rhythm are not without a purpose. Both are rejuvenating (energize फिर से युवा करना) and work with the same purpose and goal.Once, sitting in a beautiful garden of flowers, fruit-laden trees and singing birds, Master Sadhu Vaswani said in a whisper (फुसफुसाना), “Look at nature – the lyricism of petals, and the joy of trees at giving, the music of birds. Nature is not soulless! It lives in the rhythm of creation.”
To doubters, he explained, “Nature or Universe is not meaningless and without a purpose. It is God’s own environment for you.” In everything around us is harmony of rhythm as well within us. Watch the ripple (wave लहर) in the grass; the ceaseless rhythm of the sea and ocean; the silent, slow rhythm of your own breath, to discover how beautifully we are connected to the universe through Nature. Being linked with nature brings joy and peace as this is an acknowledgement of the secret Laws of the Universe.
We all have experienced the body’s unwilling (तैयार नहीं) spirit, the mind’s mood swings and so on. Negative and positive moods are signs of the waves in nature, signals to the flow. Needless to say, we are aware of this rhythm, linking all this to the tide-rhythm of the mon. Many propitiate (संतुष्ट करना) the moon by worshipping it on full moon and new moon days. But the seasonal joy of the sun’s splendour (grandiosity भव्यता) is kicked behind in the rush of life-career, in non-seasonal pleasure hunts defying (contravene अवहेलना करना) the Laws of Nature squashing the joy of informal (अनौपचारिक) fellowship and common worship.

Source: https://www.speakingtree.in/article/the-rainy-season-and-nature-s-rhythm

Daily important English vocabulary for all exams – 18.07.2019

Daily Important English Vocabulary

English Vocabulary

His brains addled (rotten सड़ाया हुआ) with reading too many chivalric (mighty पराक्रमी) romances of medieval knights who rescue damsels (girlfriend सहेलियां) in distress and battle dragons, an impecunious (helpless बेचारा) hidalgo, a minor Spanish nobleman, adopts the name of Don Quixote, dons a rusty suit of armour and, astride (horseback सवार होकर) a broken-down old nag named Rosinante, with his faithful squire (जमीदार), Sancho Panza, riding behind him on a donkey, sets off to become a knight-errant (साहसिक कायं की खोज में धूमनेवाला वीर) himself.

The crazed don tilts (leaning झुकाव) against windmills, with disastrous results, and pays court to an imaginary beauty whom he calls Dulcinea.  This is the skeletal plot of the novel written by Miguel de Cervantes more than 400 years ago.  It gave the English language the word `quixotic’, after the protagonist (leader नायक), which means highly idealistic.  It is also deemed (समझा) by critics to be one of the greatest novels ever written.

Really?  A tragi-comic satire (हास्य व्यंग्य) about an old loony (mad to someone दीवाना) who goes to his deathbed still enrapt (fascinated) in a fool’s paradise of his own making, one of the greatest novels of all time?  Why?

 

Source: https://www.speakingtree.in/article/the-divine-madness-of-don-quixote

Daily important English vocabulary for all exams – 16.07.2019

Daily Important English Vocabulary

English Vocabulary

God is perpetually (continually, नित्य) mowing His lawns,” says FB Meyer. The musical tinkle (ringing झंकार) of the whetstone on the scythe (reaping-hook हँसिया) portends (पूर्वसूचक) the cutting down of myriads (uncountable असंख्य) of green blades and flowers. Beautiful as they were in the morning, within an hour or two they lie, faded and spent.

There is no method of obtaining a velvety (soft मख़मली) lawn but by repeated mowing; and there is no way of developing tenderness (softness कोमलता), evenness (uniformity एकरूपता), sympathy, but by the passing of God’s scythe.

When grass is mown (cut down grass from an equipment हँसुए से घास काटना) and all the tender shoots are bleeding, when desolation (despair निराशा) reigns where flowers were bursting, the time is ripe for showers of rain to fall soft and warm.

When circumstances circumscribe (terminate, keep out प्रतिबंध लगाना) us and we feel we are in captivity (punishment क़ैद), for instance, rebelling against the situation does not help. If we have to turn it to the best account possible, we have to make the best of the situation.

God is often compared to the refiner and purifier of silver. It is with the most precious metals that the assayer (sampler पारखी) takes the most pains and subjects them to the hot fire, because such fires melt the metal, and only the molten mass releases its alloy to take perfectly its new form in the mould.

 

Source: https://www.speakingtree.in/article/keep-fear-at-bay

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination – 12-07.2019

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination

the hindu vocabulary

  1. Predilection- prejudice, bias, prepossession. The political predilection for Israel was evident in the stance initially taken by the Government.

  2. Dithering- to act nervously, break, shatter. strategic dithering will hardly help win friends and influence people.

  3. Attuned- to bring into harmony or accord especially.  The Government has been more attuned to India’s interests.

  4. Compartmentalized- to separate, sporadic. The problem of course is that issues cannot be neatly compartmentalized.

  5. Shrug- break, shiver, shatter

  6. Inimical- hostile, agonistic

  7. Anvil- a block, a number of proposals are on the anvil.

  8. Lounge- lie, sit or stand in relaxed way.

  9. Scamp- miscreant, knave, villain, rascal, rogue, etc.

  10. Scot-free- free from obligation to pay as a tax tribute or bill, completely free from penalty.

  11. Relinquish- leave, disappear, resign. Britain’s king relinquishes his title emperor of India.  

  12. Truce- armistice, temporary cessation of fight/ hostility, cease-fire

  13. scourge- impose/inflict pain or punishment, an instrument of punishment or criticism, syn- wracked.

  14. defecation- separation from impurities, discharge

  15. retrofitted- modification, to furnish, changes made

  16. furore- an angry, rage, excitement. There was furore in the assembly.

  17. Ruthless- relentless. Hitler was a ruthless dictator.

  18. disdains- contempt, she disdains to ear with low class people.

  19. amicably- peaceable, friendly, neighborly, not quarrelsome

  20. chopped- to cut, cut into pieces

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination – 09-07.2019

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination

the hindu vocabulary

 

  1. Slaughter- to kill, murder, slain

  2.  turgid- swelled, increase

  3. tumid- on larged, swelled, distended 

  4. grandiloquent – speaking in a lofty styles, pompous , bombastic

  5. miscreant- villain, cheat, rascal , rogue

  6. upheaval – a great change or disturbance

  7. sporadic- separate, scatter, single, isolated

  8. moron- a very stupid person, foolish regard person

  9. demesne- legal possession of land as one’s own

  10. discern-  to see

  11. encroached- come into a place or situation where you are uninvited or unwelcome

  12. condescension- descent, to go or come down

  13. revivify- revive, to restore to life, to impart new life

  14. hobbled- to move with great difficulty,painfully, syn- cripple- loss of strength

  15. spluttering- a confusing noise, as of hasty speaking

  16. miffed- hurt, offended, a bad temper, argument, quarrel

  17. deleterious- hurtful, destructive, syn- pernicious, detrimental 

  18. thwarting- stubborn, baffle, oppose, contravene, adamant 

  19. wracked- punishment, harm, vengeance

  20. cripple- loss of strength

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (05-07-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (05-07-2019)

thehindu vocabulary
Read this passage from the Hindu for       English Vocabulary preparation. 

With Rahul Gandhi stating categorically स्पष्ट रूप से that he would not continue as Congress president, one uncertainty that had gripped सोचने के लिए मजबूर the party has ended. But this culmination पराकाष्ठा does not end the disorder and chaos अराजकता in the party, which is in a state of paralysis since its rout पराजय in the parliamentary election. Mr. Gandhi’s letter of resignation is part self-reflection, about the Congress in general and his own personal role in it, and part a critique आलोचना of the state of affairs of Indian politics. Mr. Gandhi felt the need for introspection आत्मनिरीक्षण and accountability, and restated his long-held position that he was in politics not for power but social change. By sticking to his decision to quit as party chief, he has thrown a challenge at his colleagues to find a life outside the shelter of the Nehru-Gandhi family. The coterie (मण्डली company) that flourished निखरा around his mother and predecessor पूर्वज Sonia Gandhi had reduced politics to manipulation जोड़-तोड़ and turned the party into an instrument of vested (स्थित located) interests. A small club of self-seekers who reinforce शक्ति बढ़ाना one another and don’t face the electorate had taken over the Congress years before Mr. Gandhi came on the scene. His letter is an indictment  कलंक of these leaders, whose personal fortunes भाग्य never waned कम हो, even as the party’s plummeted गिरावट.

 

Source:https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/raising-the-bar-on-rahul-gandhis-resignation/article28286623.ece

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (03-07-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary

(03-07-2019)

thehindu vocabulary
Read this passage from the Hindu for       English Vocabulary preparation. 

U.S. President Donald Trump made history on Sunday when he stepped on (पर कदम रखा) to North Korean soil from the demilitarized (असैनिकीकरण किया हुआ) zone (DMZ) that separates the two Koreas. He is the only American President to have visited North Korea, the isolated (अलग), nuclear-armed dictatorship (तानाशाही) that is historically seen as an enemy in Washington’s policy establishment. The President’s surprise announcement, via Twitter, that he was ready to visit the DMZ to meet with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was typical (नमूने का) of Mr. Trump, who enjoys conducting off-the-cuff (without preparation) personal diplomacy. North Korea seized the opportunity, and both leaders met at the DMZ, held talks for nearly an hour and decided to resume parleys (बातचीत) that have stalled (बन्द) since the two leaders’ failed summit in Hanoi. Mr. Trump deserves credit for infusing (उत्तेजित करना) fresh life into the nuclear negotiations. His intervention (हस्तक्षेप) came at a time when North Koreans were growing impatient (अधीर) over lack of progress in the matter of ties. In recent weeks, they had personally attacked U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and targeted the South Korean leadership over the sanctions and the logjam (गतिरोध) in talks. Now that both Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim have met and decided to set up teams on both sides to hold negotiations, the impasse (गतिरोध, stalemate) is broken. But key challenges remain.

 

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/trump-in-north-korea/article28264387.ece

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (30-06-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (30-06-2019)

thehindu vocabulary
Read this passage from the Hindu for       English Vocabulary preparation. 

The Bombay High Court verdict upholding (समर्थन करना) reservation for Marathas in public employment and education must come as a major relief to the Maharashtra government, which has faced strident (तेज़) agitations (आंदोलन) from the community in the past for reservation benefits. When Maharashtra enacted special legislation to confer (प्रदान करना) reservation benefits in education and public employment on the Maratha community last year, a formidable (भयंकर) legal challenge was expected. The law created a group called ‘Socially and Educationally Backward Class’ and included Marathas as the sole group under the category, and extended 16% reservation outside the existing quotas for Scheduled Castes and Tribes, and other tribes and backward classes. The foremost (सबसे महत्वपूर्ण) hurdle was the fact that the additional Maratha component would take the reservation up to 68%, thus going beyond the limit of 50% imposed by the Supreme Court. Secondly, there were doubts whether one particular caste group could constitute a special class. The 487-page judgment is a brave effort at answering these difficult questions. Significantly, it has ruled that there were “exceptional circumstances and an extraordinary situation” to warrant (अधिकार) the crossing of the 50% limit. It has upheld (सही ठहराया) the government’s decision to accept the Maharashtra Backward Classes Commission’s report on the backwardness of the Maratha community, faulted it for exceeding the panel’s recommendation for 12-13% reservation and pulled back the figure to the recommended level. 

The High Court’s reasoning may not convince (समझाने) many. For one thing, it is doubtful whether a politically influential (प्रभावशाली) and dominant (प्रमुख) community can be treated as a special category in itself, even if it is educationally backward and under-represented in the services owing to (के कारण) lack of reservation benefits. The uplift of the Marathas can be achieved by including it in the OBC list. If there were concerns about too large a population sharing too small a quota, the existing OBC reservation could have been expanded, instead of Marathas being given separate reservation. Further, Marathas have been classified as the only member of the newly created ‘SEBC’. The court seems to have ignored the fact that being socially and educationally backward is the constitutional reason for OBC reservation. It is befuddling (मदहोश हो जाना) how ‘SEBC’ can be a separate category outside the OBCs.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/boost-for-marathas/article28213627.ece

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (29-06-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (29-06-2019)

thehindu vocabulary
Read this passage from the Hindu for       English Vocabulary preparation. 

The crowded stage of 24 aspirants for the Democratic nomination for the 2020 U.S. presidential election is indicative (सूचक index) of a larger crisis that has gripped (सोचने के लिए मजबूर) the party. The first primary debate took place over two days this week. The fragmentation (विखंडन) of the Democratic constituency, which is increasingly less than the sum of its parts, is evident (प्रत्यक्ष). The frontrunner (दौड़ में सबसे आगे) is former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, who, at 76, is 30 years older than the average age of three Democratic Presidents who reinvented the party at critical junctures (अवसर opportunity) — John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama. Carrying the burden of his 50 years in politics, Mr. Biden was in the crossfire of his rivals. Mr. Biden was accused of clinging (पकड़) on, and compromising with, racist positions and segregationists (अलगाववादी) in the past. His positions, indefensible (असमर्थनीय) by the present standards of justice and progress, were taken in a different era and century. That the Democratic Party is re-litigating (to sue or pursue legal remedy) these issues in a 21st century primary contest with the same man at the centre is a sign of its inability to evolve a forward-looking agenda articulated (व्यक्त) in appealing (आकर्षक) and inspiring idioms.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/primary-colours/article28213684.ece

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (28-06-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (28-06-2019)

thehindu vocabulary
Read this passage from the Hindu for       English Vocabulary preparation. 

The micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) sector in India is not only a key engine of growth, contributing more than 28% of the GDP and about 45% to manufacturing output. It is also a true reflection of economics where people really matter. Providing employment to about 111 million people, the sector’s health is crucial to the economy’s vitality (जीवन शक्ति power of life) and society’s well being. An expert committee constituted by the Reserve Bank of India has in this context submitted a substantially germane (उचित) study on the issues bedeviling (सताना prosecute, torture) MSMEs and made a fairly exhaustive set of recommendations to redress them. The panel is emphatic  (ज़ोरदार) that the policy environment needs to be urgently refocused. To that end, it is imperative (अनिवार्य) that the thrust (जोर) of the enabling legislation — a 13-year-old law, the MSME Development Act, 2006 — be changed to prioritise market facilitation and ease of doing business. Observing that many Indian start-ups that are at the forefront (सबसे आगे) of innovation are drawn to look overseas, given the conducive (सहायक) business environment and the availability of infrastructure and exit policies, the experts suggest that a new law ought to (करना चाहिए) address the sector’s biggest bottlenecks (बाधाओं), including access to credit and risk capital. A substantial part of the study is justifiably devoted to reimagining solutions to improve credit flow to MSMEs. For instance, the experts recommend repurposing the Small Industries Development Bank of India. In its expanded role, it is envisaged (परिकल्पना की गई) that the SIDBI could not only deepen credit markets for MSMEs in under-served regions by being a provider of comfort to lenders including NBFCs and micro-finance institutions, but also become a market-maker for SME debt.

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (25-06-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (25-06-2019)

thehindu vocabulary
thehindu vocabulary

Read this passage from the Hindu for English Vocabulary preparation. 

The recent defection (दल-बदल) of four Rajya Sabha MPs from the Telugu Desam Party to the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, merely (केवल) a month after simultaneous Assembly and Lok Sabha elections in Andhra Pradesh, can only be termed as political opportunism (अवसरवाद). The fact that these MPs merged with the BJP as a group helped them stay clear of the anti-defection law, which stipulates (शर्त लगाना) that a breakaway (तितर-बितर हो जाना) group constitute at least two-thirds of a legislative party’s strength and that it merge with another party. The TDP had been reduced to just 23 and two seats in the newly elected Andhra Pradesh and Telangana Assemblies, respectively. It now commands a much lower legislative profile with just two members in the Rajya Sabha and three in the Lok Sabha. There is a tendency among legislators to seek greener pastures (चरागाह) at a time of crisis for their parties, but the nature of these defections suggests that this was not a simple case of leaving a party whose political strength had considerably diminished (कम). The BJP is even more of a non-player in Andhra Pradesh as it does not hold a single seat in the current Assembly and its vote share dipped (डूबा) in comparison to the previous Assembly elections. The reasons for the defections appear to have little to do with the political equations in the parent State.

Some of the defecting legislators have a cloud of suspicion (संदेह के बादल) over them as they were subjected to probes by Central Bureau of Investigation, Enforcement Directorate and Income Tax officials over financial transactions. It would be in order to ask whether the defections are aimed at carrying favour with the government at the Centre in regard to the investigations. The NDA government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has promised zero tolerance (सहनशीलता) on corruption, and it is to be hoped that the investigations against two of the defecting MPs continue unhindered (बिना रुकावट के). At the same time, the fact that the BJP has chosen to accommodate (पहुंचाना) legislators the party had only months ago castigated (आलोचना) for being corrupt, and against whom one of its own MPs had sought action from the Rajya Sabha ethics (आचार विचार) committee, suggests that the benefits of accrual (बढ़ोतरी) to its numbers outweighed (अधिक महत्वपूर्ण)even the pretense (दिखावा) of principle. The BJP has managed to increase its strength in the Rajya Sabha to 75 with the addition of the defectors from the TDP. Fresh elections to the Rajya Sabha are due for a substantive (मूल/basic) number of seats by 2020, and defections such as these will help the ruling combine get closer to the majority mark in the 245-member Upper House. Even if it is justified as an exercise to increase numbers, it does not reflect well on the BJP, which claims to be a party with a difference. Defections that are not based on ideology or principle undermine (कमजोर) parliamentary democracy; a vibrant opposition is equally vital to ensure an efficient government.

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (24-06-2019)

Daily The Hindu Editorial vocabulary (24-06-2019)

Read this passage from the Hindu for English Vocabulary preparation. 

U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to pull back (पीछे खीचना) from air strikes on Iran, after the latter shot down an American drone near the Strait of Hormuz, was a rare moment of restraint amid (के बीच)  otherwise  escalating (तना हुआ)  tensions between the two countries. The rationale (तर्क) behind the pull-back, according to Mr. Trump, was that he did not want to cause any loss of Iranian lives as no American lives were hurt by the Iranians. Clearly, Mr. Trump, who had campaigned against the costly wars of the U.S. overseas, does not seem to be in favour of launching an open conflict with Iran. A war with Iran could be  prolonged (लंबा)  and disastrous  (विनाशकारी). Iran has ballistic missiles, proxy militias and a relatively vibrant navy. And the Strait of Hormuz, through which  one-third of the world’s seaborne oil shipments move, is within its range. Mr. Trump does not  want to take a risk unless there are  rovocations (उत्तेजना) from Iran targeting American lives. While this approach is better than that of Mr. Trump’s National Security Adviser, John Bolton, who  has threatened Iran with war several times, what the U.S. President overlooks is that the current state of tensions is a product of his “maximum pressure” tactic. A year ago Mr. Trump pulled the U.S. out of a nuclear deal with which Iran was fully compliant, setting off (चल पड़ना)  the escalation. His plan was to  squeeze (निचोड़) the Iranian economy and force Tehran back to the table to  renegotiate the nuclear issue as well as Iran’s missile programme and regional  activism (सक्रियता) , for a “better deal”.   year later, the U.S. and Iran are on the brink of a war.

Source link: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/clouds-of-war/article28118981.ece

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination – 01-03.2019

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive

examination

The Hindu Vocabulary

 

1. Dicey- difficult or risky

2. Pensive- thinking deeply about something

3. peremptory- decisive, arbitrary, dogmatical, final, destructive, be positive in decision/opinion

4. stint- be very economical or mean about spending or providing something.

5. surrogate- vicarious, a person who stands in for someone else.

6. solemn- religion, sacred

7. solely- singly, alone

8. wholly- in a whole or completely

9. readily- quickly, without delay, without reluctance

10. straddle- the act of standing, position

11. implode- blast, the window on both sides of the room had imploded.

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination – 26.02.2019

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination

The Hindu Vocabulary

 

1. Imitate- follow, copy as a model, copy the way that a person speaks or behave in order to amuse.

2. Intricate- very complicated or detailed

3. Pompous- too grand in manner or speech.

4. Bombastic- grandiloquent, pompous, turgid

5. Customary- agreeing with, established by common usage, conventional, habitual

6. Slain- to put to death with a weapon, or by violence, to destroy, to kill, murder

7. remorse- anguish, grief, compassion, extreme pain

8. Blemish- to injure or impair as anything which is well formed

9. Knave- villain, cheat, rascal, rogue, scoundrel, miscreant

10. Hideous- frightful, shocking, grim, horrid, “Sure, you have some hideous matter to deliver.”

11. pamper- to live luxuriously, to feed to the full, to glut.

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination – 24.02.2019

Daily The Hindu Vocabulary important for competitive examination

The Hindu Vocabulary

 

1. Ravenous- very hungry, famished

2. sybarite- a person who is very fond of luxury

3. stalemate- impasse, a situation in which further progress by opposing sides seems impossible.

4. capricious- having sudden changes of mood, vacillate

5. lascivious- showing strong desire

6. libel- the legal term for something written, which is harmful to a person’s reputation

7. idiosyncrasy- a person particular way of behaving or thinking, eccentricity

8. maverick- independent minded person or unconventional

9. Melliferous- pleasing, mellow

10. liability- punished by law for something, responsible for law

11. cajole- persuade someone to do something by flattering them

12. obscene- disgusting